(View or download companion presentation here)
As part of the ATLAS Center Symposium Series, we hosted Sue Chrysler, human factors psychologist and Senior Research Scientist from the Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) for her presentation:
Using Driving Simulation vs. Naturalistic Driving Data to Examine Driver Behavior: Can’t we just get along?
Tuesday, September 29th
11:30 to 1:00 p.m.
UMTRI, McCormick Conference Room 131
Selecting the proper research platform for transportation human factors work requires careful consideration of face validity and experimental control. As equipment for driving simulation and naturalistic driving studies has become more available and more affordable, many researchers are faced with this methodological decision. Driving simulators offer a high degree of experimental control allowing researchers to draw conclusions regarding causality, but often offer a low degree of face validity. Naturalistic studies offer near-perfect face validity, but conclusions regarding causality are difficult because of the many uncontrolled variables in the driving environment. This talk will present the experimental design and analysis issues in the transportation human factors domain using examples from driver distraction and roadway design research. New developments in technology to more easily enable geo-specific driving simulation will be discussed which may support simulator validation of naturalistic studies.
Sue Chrysler is a human factors psychologist and Senior Research Scientist at TTI in the Traffic Operations and Roadway Safety Division. She returned to TTI in 2014 after spending three years at the University of Iowa as the Director of Research at the National Advanced Driving Simulator. She established the Safer-Sim University Transportation Center in 2013 through a USDOT grant and served as its director. Prior to her positions at Iowa, she was a Senior Research Scientist and the Manager of the Human Factors Program in the Center for Transportation Safety at TTI. She began her career at the 3M Company Traffic Control Materials Division laboratory working with human response to retro-reflective materials. While at 3M, she served on the UMTRI Industry Affiliates panel.
Dr. Chrysler works collaboratively with traffic engineers to evaluate roadway user response to changes in operations and roadway design. Her research methods include driving simulation, instrumented vehicles on closed courses and open road, eye-tracking systems, physiological measures of workload as well as survey and focus groups. Throughout her 23 year career, Dr. Chrysler has been a leader in professional societies and standards committees and has served as Principal Investigator or task leader on over 40 projects.